Product Classifications

Countries classify e-cigarettes as tobacco products (or imitation/derivative/substitute products), medicinal/pharmaceutical products, consumer products, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)/e-cigarettes or poisons.

Eighteen countries classify or regulate e-cigarettes as consumer products, devices, or combination products (Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Moldova, Northern Ireland, Republic of Korea, Scotland, Switzerland, United States, Venezuela and Wales). Hungary regulates e-cigarettes primarily as consumer goods.

Seventy countries refer to e-cigarettes as ENDS/e-cigarettes or vaping products (Argentina, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, England, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Jordan, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Nepal, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Norway, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay and Wales).

Twenty-four countries regulate e-cigarettes that make a cessation claim and/or contain a specific threshold of nicotine as medicines/drugs/medical devices (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Northern Ireland, Norway, Philippines, Scotland, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, United States, Venezuela and Wales).

Fifty-seven countries classify or regulate e-cigarettes (in their entirety or only certain dimensions of sale, advertisement, use, etc.) as tobacco products, tobacco related products, tobacco imitation, tobacco derivatives, or tobacco surrogates (Argentina, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Ecuador, England, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Northern Ireland, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Scotland, Senegal, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United States, Venezuela, Viet Nam and Wales).

Four countries regulate nicotine as poisons or hazardous substances (Australia, Belgium and Malaysia) and Brunei Darussalam classifies nicotine liquid as poisons if nicotine concentration is above 7.5 percent.